Kabak maraah bolam khatdi pajan tiumak ra

Aliu khulam Kabak tuhoi pabam hinang ga marah bamme. Siniu tuhoi kak gara kabak jan di tiusou mibo niu wine nang niu marui lubo maraah makbo sisiak makbo kabakjan dungra. Khatdi makuok bammai di kabak hai marah jiu shai misai nbaibo hai kadou thiu makjiu rong nphum mawi khailoh.

Nagaland ga kabak kashaibo ndanai Pfutsero nai Phek npui lam taliang khai diajiu department mainiu taliu akhi lanne. Siniu kabak maruibam mai kabak shai nang sai kadou-dou ga taliang mimak ne jiu tanjiu dinbamme. Nagaland ga shaibambo kabak dunghai African Swine Fever (ASF) ye tiuye khatdi Department of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services, lamsu kabak maraah bo pajat maksai pariak si inpek lura kasia din masan khaiye pahang ga.

Differential features of Pig Diseases

Salient featuresAfrican Swine Fever (ASF)Classical Swine Fever (CSF)Swine Flu (SF)
DefinitionAfrican swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious haemorrhagic viral disease of pigs (domestic & wild).CSF is also known as Hog Cholera is an acute febrile septicemia viral disease of swine.Swine flu is a highly contagious viral respiratory disease in pigs
Causative organismCause by DNA virus belonging to the Asfaviridae family and genus Asfivirus.By RNA virus of the genus Pestivirus.By influenza type – A viruses of H1N1 strain. 
  SymptomsHigh fever, reddening of skin of ear, tail, chest, abdomen, respiratory sign, skin necrosis, ulcer, joint swelling & death.High fever, huddling, constipation followed by diarrhea. Discoloration of the ears, abdomen or inner thighs & abortion in case of pregnant sows.Fever, depression, coughing (barking), discharge from the nose or eyes, sneezing, breathing difficulties, eye redness or inflammation & off feed.
Mortality rateUpto 100%Varies from almost zero to 100%Varies from 1-4%
Transmission Direct contact with infected pigs
ii)  Indirect contact via equipment, people & clothing.
iii) It can be spread by ticks that feed on infected animal
i) Direct contact between healthy swine and those infected pigs through saliva, nasal secretions, urine, and feces.
ii) Indirect contact with contaminated pens, feed & clothing.
i) Close contact between infected and uninfected pigs.
ii) Sometimes transmitted to humans via contact with infected pigs or environments contaminated with swine influenza viruses.
VaccinationNot availableAvailableNot available in pigs
TreatmentNo treatmentSymptomaticSymptomatic
Pig to Human TransmissionNoNoYes (Zoonotic)
Occurrence in NagalandYes report (since 2021)Yes report (endemic)Not report (no occurrence)
Prevention & Controli) Culling of infected pigs & disposal through deep burial.
ii) Sanitization of infected areas / sheds
iii) Strict bio-security measures
i) Regular & timely vaccination
ii) Strict bio-security measures
i) Separate out infected pig from healthy ones.
ii) Strict bio-security measures iii) Disinfecting the bedding / floors
Dos’ & Don’tsi) Do not consume dead animals
ii) No swill feeding.
iii) Do not throw the carcass in the open or in rivers / streams / pond.
iv) Report the matter to the nearest Veterinary Centre.

v) Seek medical advice in case of fever in pig attendants

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